Ulcinj is located in the southernmost part of the Adriatic coast and at the same latitude as Barcelona and Rome. Ulcinj is, together with Hvar, known for the largest number of sunny days on the Adriatic.
Since the ancient Illyrian settlement of the Bronze Age (as evidenced by the many archaeological sites), through the first written evidence of the Illyrian-Roman War, Ulcinj was a favorite destination of the Greeks and Romans. In parallel, Ulcinj developed into a major episcopal center with 365 churches ("as many as days of the year"). The city defied the Turks, the pirates and all empires on the Mediterranean until the change in modern times and the arrival of tourists from Europe and around the world. Ulcinj is thus a historical-tourist mosaic.
With about 20 km of beach, 15 km of fine sandy beaches, over 6,000 hectares of fertile land, its olive grove with 88,000 trees, the healing properties of the sand, mud and mineral sulfur water, Ulcinj offers a tremendous economic and tourist potential for development every type of tourism (elite, nautical and health). The territory extends between the 19 * 22'30 ", 19 * 8'30" and 41 * 5'6 "of the northern latitude and is geographically assigned to the subtropical European Mediterranean climate, with its southern part adjacent to the river Bojana the central part is the lake "Shas" and in the background is the mountain massif "Rumija". The total area of 255 km² is a unique example of the beauty: the sea, the river, the lake, the endless sandy beaches, the mountains and the lush vegetation ...
The area of Ulcinj is geographically assigned to the Adriatic Mediterranean climate and is known for its lush subtropical vegetation. Ulcinj has a very pleasant climate, so it can be compared to the most famous tourist centers of the Mediterranean. Ulcinj is both an excellent summer and winter sports resort. The average annual temperature is 16 ° C and is thus warmer than most other coastal cities on the Adriatic. Although the summers are hot, there are not many overheated days due to the constant airflow. The coldest month is January, with an average temperature of approx. 8.6 ° C, the hottest month is July with approx. 26.3 ° C. The daily average temperature at 13 o'clock is about 18.5 ° C. The average temperature during the four seasons is: in winter approx. 9.6 ° C, in spring approx. 14.5 ° C, in summer approx. 24.4 ° C and in autumn 17.5 ° C. The highest temperatures are reached in July with about 38.5 ° C.
Swimming and sunbathing is possible from May to October. Especially during this time, the sea temperature is very pleasant.
Ulcinj is one of the sunniest places on the Adriatic coast. The average annual sun exposure in Ulcinj is 218 days. That's about 2,706 hours a year or 7.4 hours a day. In summer Ulcinj has the most hours of sunshine - 11 hours a day. The south coast is considered the clearest area of the Mediterranean. The most common winds are "Bura" (storm), "Jugo" (south wind) and "Maestral" (light wind from the sea). The "Bura" blows in the late autumn and winter from the northeast and is considered a cold wind. "Jugo" blows in autumn, winter, spring, brings rain and ensures rough sea conditions on the sea. The Maestral comes from the west and southwest. It is a pleasant wind as it brings refreshment to the heat in the hottest summer hours. It is most intense between 14:00 and 15:00 when he reaches the speed of 10m / sec. Thanks to the Maestral, there are not many oppressive and overheated days.
The average annual rainfall is 1344mm / m².
Under the influence of such a climate three vegetation belts were created:
the first belt up to 300 m high with evergreen vegetation, which is crossed by trees such as the olive tree, the fig tree, almonds, kiwis and the citrus fruits (mandarins, oranges and lemons). The second belt consists of chestnuts, pomegranates, wine and cereals. The third belt consists mainly of fruit trees, e.g. Pears, apples and plums. The coastal belt is decorated with pines, agaves, palm trees and other beautiful plants.
Ulcinj is well-known on the tourist market for its vast agricultural land and its ecological end products, its clean and intact environment and the absence of industry and the related pollution problem.
Ulcinj's agricultural products (such as watermelons, mandarins, oranges, kiwis, figs, pomegranates, tomatoes and green peppers) have always filled the marketplaces of today's Yugoslav republics such as Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia. Then, when the species-rich freshwater and saltwater fish caught by the industrious Ulcinj fishermen in the Adriatic Sea, Bojana River or Lake Shas are combined with homemade brandy and local wines, the Mediterranean cuisine of Ulcinj is conjured up by their hands talented chefs, local delicacies that you will never forget.
An attempt to describe the natural beauty of Ulcinj remains only an attempt. Nature has been relatively generous to this part of the Adriatic coast, uniquely creating a colorful mosaic of beautiful contrasts.
As if nature had long studied the diversity of desires and demands of modern man to stay in touch with their pristine existence, she gave the area the dark blue clean sea, the green-eyed Bojana River, and the island of Ada in her delta, the rich lake Shas, the long-lasting olive grove, the beautiful Valdanos bay, the healing springs, the pine forest with its enchanting scent and the well-known sandy beaches./p>
Fascinated by the beauty of this city, many artists have been inspired by their works of art and have thus transferred this exotic nature to the screen, as the famous directors Živko Nikolić and Dušan Vukotić in the films "Long Ships", "The Seventh Continent", "The Beauty of Sin" and many others.
The charming sandy beaches are a symbol of the excellence of Ulcinj. The largest of them, about 13 km long and about 50 m wide, is the Long Beach, which extends from northwest to southeast and forms the shape of a curve from Porta Milena to the Bojana delta.
It is only 4 km from the city center. With the construction activity, especially after the earthquake in 1979, the narrow part of the city was connected with this beach as well as with Shtoj, by building modern houses, which are a great accommodation potential for all types of tourists. The whole beach is made of fine sand - white and gray granules from 0.1 to 0.5 mm. The same grain forms the bottom of the shallow swimming area, so swimming here is very pleasant. Especially for the elderly and for small children a true pleasure.
Due to its extraordinary factors, the clean and clear sea, the curing sandy beaches, the sulfur mineral water, the curing mud, the sea salt and its stem alkalis, the mild stimulative coastal climate, Ulcinj is a natural spa with perfect qualities, well known all over the world.
Ein Wissenschaftler von Weltruf, Mihailo Pupin, empfahl schon im Juni 1919 dem Innenministerium des Königreichs Montenegro eine Lizenz für die Eröffnung eines Sanatoriums zur Behandlung bestimmter Krankheiten und Leiden auszustellen. Bernhard Nocht, damaliger Leiter des Instituts für Tropenkrankheiten in Hamburg, äußerte sich 1925 in Ulcinj wie folgt: "Ich habe noch nie so einen sterneerfüllten Ort wie Ulcinj gesehen. Die medizinische Wertigkeit dieser Region ist hoch und vielseitig in Therapie von Krankheiten einsetzbar“. All dies trug dazu bei, dass Ulcinj im Jahr 1929 durch das Dekret des Königreichs Jugoslawien als "Kur- und Luftkurort" ausgezeichnet wurde Professor Dr. Lemoh, Präsident der Europäischen Liga für Rheuma (EULAR) sagte 1964 in Ulcinj: "Im therapeutischen Sinne hat Ulcinj eine große Zukunft ".
Bernhard Nocht, the manager of the Institute for Tropical Diseases in Hamburg, made the following statement as he was staying in Ulcinj in 1925: “I have never seen a place filled up by stars as it is Ulcinj“. The value of this area is great and versatile for a human body, and professor Dr. Lemoh (Lemoch), president of the European League for Rheumatism, while staying in Ulcinj in 1964 said: “In a therapeutic sense Ulcinj has got a great future“. A scientist of a worldwide reputation Mihailo Pupin demanded in June 1919 through his deputy from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kingdom of Montenegro a license for opening a sanatorium for treating certain conditions and diseases.
It is slightly radioactive which makes it suitable for medical use, especially when it comes to diseases with organs used for movement as well as spine problems, rheumatism, discopathy, sciatica and all the consquences if these organs get hurt. The sulfur water arising nearby the sea on the Ladies Beach has got „miraculous“ healing effects. It is said that this water can help barren women. When it comes to the mineral composition, then it is very rich with them. The mineral mud (peloid) is spread around the basin of the Ulcinj saltern 2 km from the sea. Scientific examinations of this mud confirm that it is one of the best quality muds ever found and examined on the Adriatic. The unrefined sea salt which is taken from the basin of the saline in Ulcinj has got „concentrated sea“, which can be used for medical purpose just by adding simple water, so that even at home the same effects that we get from sea water can be achieved, and it is particularly suitable for curing of rheumatism and all the organs used for movement. All these factors can sometimes replace medicines and sometimes with their help better and lasting curing results can be achieved. Seldom one can find so many natural curing features just at one place.